Benefits and Side Effects Katu Leaf

Generally leaves katuk (Sauropus androgynus) are used as vegetables. In Indonesia, the leaves are used to smooth katuk breast milk, drug ulcers, boils, fever, and blood is dirty. Katuk leaves produced as efficacious dosage phytopharmaca which to launch breastfeeding (breast milk). Ten stocks phytopharmaca katuk leaves as facilitator ASI has circulated in Indonesia in 2000. There are reports of lung damage in the seven months after consumption of raw katuk leaves with a dose of 150 g / day and after 22 months of severe lung damage and permanen.Bahan and methods: Using reference books, research findings from within and abroad. Include studies of ecology, economics, efficacy, efeksamping, and hope the depan.Data analyzed descriptively. Know Your Plants katuk Katuk Leaf is the leaf of the plant Sauropus adrogynus (L) Merr, family Euphorbiaceae. Local name: spy (Malays), Simani (Minangkabau), Katuk (Sunda), Kebing and Katukan (Java), Kerakur (Madura). In the various regions in India, Malaysia and Indonesia. In Indonesia to grow in the plains with an altitude of 0-2100 m above sea level. This plant-shaped clump. High as 2-3 m. The branches rather soft and divided leaves are arranged alternately on a stem, elliptical to round with a length of 2.5 cm and width from 1.25 to 3 cm. Flowers single or in groups of three. 1.25 cm long stemmed fruit. (2) Plants can be propagated by cuttings katuk of the stem is woody, more or less 20 cm long planted beforehand. After approximately two weeks roots can be moved to the garden. Length 30 cm plant spacing and width of 30 cm. After reaching 50-60 cm high pruning done in order to always get the young leaves and fresh. In Bogor has been cultivated to increase the incomes of the population. Generally leaves katuk used as vegetables. In Indonesia, the leaves are used to smooth katuk breast milk, drug ulcers, boils, fever, and blood is dirty. Leaf katuk been produced as an efficacious dosage phytopharmaca to smooth milk. Ten milk-containing leaf facilitator katuk been circulating in Indonesia in 2000. Raising Katuk katuk cultivated plants in three villages in Bogor regency Semplak district with an altitude of 180-220m above sea level, land latosol, precipitation type A (Schmidt & Ferguson,) and the number of farmers around 100 people. Intensive maintenance can increase the productive age of 5-7 years to 11-12 years. The first harvest ranges from 3-4 tons / ha, then increased to 21-40 tons depending on the fertility of the soil. In the village of West Cilebut, Semplak District, Bogor Regency katuk traditionally planted, harvested after 2 to 2.5 months of age, further pruning is done every 40-60 days. Yields ranging from 3-7 tons / ha, with a price of Rp500, 00/kg. Plant interrupted include maize, cassava, and papaya. It turned out that intercropping with cassava result is better than monocultures. 25% shade levels provide tebaik influence on the number of shoots, leaf fresh weight, leaf dry weight, root dry weight and root length. Cuttings 20 cm long and 5 g of nitrogen / tree best effect on the weight of wet leaves and roots. Substance content of GCMS analysis of hexane extract showed the existence of some aliphatic compounds. In the ether extract are the main components which include: monometil succinic acid, benzoic acid and 2-fenilmalonat; as well as minor components include: terbutol, 2-propagiloksan, 4H-Pyran-4-on, 2-methoxy-6-methyl, 3-incompetent -2-on, 3 - (2-furanil), and palmitic acid. In ethyl acetate extracts are the main components which include: sis-2-methyl-siklopentanol acetate. The content of the leaves katuk include protein, fat, calcium, phosphorus, iron, vitamins A, B and C. pirolidinon, and methyl p-dodesilfenol piroglutamat as well as a minor component. In katuk leaves contained 100 g: energy 59 cal, 6.4 g protein, 1.0 g fat, 9.9 g carbohydrate, 1.5 g fiber, 1.7 g ash, 233 mg calcium, phosphorus 98 mg, 3.5 mg iron, 10 020 mcg carotene (vitamin A), B, and C 164 mg, and 81 g. water Katuk plants can increase milk production predicted by the hormonal effects of the chemical content of plant sterols is estrogenic. In previous research katuk leaves contain ephedrine. Leaf Farmakologis effects multiply katuk nutritious milk, for fever, boils, ulcers and blood dirty. Three researchers said katuk leaf infusion can increase milk production in mice. Katuk leaf infusion can increase the amount of each lobule asini mice mammary glands. One researcher stated isolates ether phase and petroleum ether extracts of leaves katuk not cause an increase in milk secretion was significant. One researcher stated that the root dekok katuk have antipyretic effects of a dove. Katuk root infusion has a diuretic effect with 72 mg/100 g bw dose. Katuk vegetable consumption by nursing mothers may prolong the time women breastfeed the baby is real and for men only increase the frequency and duration of breastfeeding. The boiling process can eliminate the leaf katuk anti-protozoal properties. Katuk leaf infusion levels 20%, 40%, and 80% in mice during the period of organogenesis did not cause birth defects (teratogenic) and does not cause resorbsi. Katuk raw leaf juice is used as slimming in Taiwan. Side effects In Taiwan, 44 people consume raw katuk leaf juice (150 g) for 2 weeks - 7 months, a side effect with symptoms of difficulty sleeping, bad eating and breathing difficulty. Symptoms disappeared after 40-44 days stop katuk leaf juice consumption. Biopsy results from 12 patients showed bronkiolitis obliteration. (9) A number of 178 patients consume raw katuk leaf juice with a dose of 150 g / day (60.7%), fried (16.9%), mixed (20.8%), and boiled ( 1.7%), during seven months - 24 months. There are side effects after the use during the seven months of bronkiolitis symptoms of moderate to severe obstruction, whereas the consumption during the 22 months or more causes symptoms bronkiolitis permanent obliteration. In America, since 1995 leaves katuk fries, salad leaves katuk, and drinks are consumed by society as drug antiobesitas (body slimming). Research carried out on 115 cases of obliteration bronkiolitis (110 women and 5 men), aged between 22-66 years earlier consumption katuk leaf. On the test of lung function seen in moderate to severe obstruction. Treatment with a mixture of corticosteroids, bronkodilatasi, erythromycin, and immunosuppression is almost no nutritious substances. After two years bronkiolitis develop into severe obliteration and death occurred in six patients (6.1%). The boiling process can eliminate the leaf katuk anti-protozoal properties. So we can conclude heating can reduce the toxicity of leaves to negate katuk. Type of preparation leaves katuk Of 213 types of herbs that originated from nine medicinal plant, only found six types of herbal medicine (2.8%) containing katuk leaf. Of these six species, four species of which have an indication as facilitator of breast milk. Data in 2000 showed 10 types of stocks as a facilitator phytopharmaca katuk leaf ASI has circulated in Indonesia. Conclusion The use of leaves as an herbal medicine or dosage katuk phytopharmaca is as facilitator of breast milk. The main side effect is the constriction bronkiolitis katuk leaves permanent. Research facilitator breastfeeding side effects of mother and child had never done in Indonesia. This research needs to be done, and if it has proven its safety, the dosage form leaves phytopharmaca katuk advisable to have the opportunity to use.

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